Sleep talking is a parasomnia known medically as somniloquy. It is a condition characterized by its namesake: abnormal verbal behavior that happens as you sleep. This condition may either be isolated or occur in conjunction with other sleep disorders.
Talking in your sleep is typically harmless and can even be humorous at times. Some people, however, may experience vulgar, offensive, and sometimes violent fits. Occurrences ranging from a whisper to a shout can last up to a minute at times and may happen several times throughout the night.
What Causes Sleep Talking?
Although not definitive, somniloquy may be an effect of problems like stress, depression, alcohol abuse, and sleep deprivation. Studies also suggest the condition may be hereditary even if external elements stimulate the behavior. Modern sleep science studies show some content of the occurrence sometimes does not make sense, while other times it relates to past events, experiences, and relationships that no longer have significant emotional impact.
What treatment is necessary?
No form of treatment is necessary for most cases. Seek the help of a sleep specialist or doctor when sleep talking becomes severe or persistent, and poses some sort of threat such as sleep aggression. Note that this may occur with other parasomnias such as sleep terrors, sleepwalking, and may also be related to psychiatric disorders or even nocturnal seizures.
Disclaimer: These statements and products are not intended to diagnose, treat, and cure or prevent disease. Always consult your physician regarding any sleeping disorders.